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Pregnancy comes with a lot of hormonal aches. a headache, toothache, backache, a lot of problems you have to deal with while being pregnant. Although some medicines/drugs are not considered safe to be taken while being pregnant, still there are few medicines like over the counter medicines are generally considered safe and those are prescribed by your OBGYN.

Sometimes, a pregnant woman falls trap of such ailments that she cannot avoid medicine at all and to cure that specific condition which has to be treated with medicine so it doesn’t seem to harm baby or mom-to-be.

It is extremely important to pay special attention to the medications/drugs or supplements you take while you are pregnant, especially during the first trimester, which is a crucial time of development for the baby.

In both of my pregnancies, I had to take amoxicillin (an antibiotic). The first time it was because of tooth infection and the second time it was due to Urinary tract infection. To treat both of these ailments I had no choice other than antibiotics.

Here is a breakdown for what conditions in pregnancy you might have to take prescribed drugs which are considered safe if taken moderately. Still, you should avoid unless taking those is the last option.

[I am not a medical professional, this information is based on my experience while pregnant. Whatever medicine I had taken during my pregnancy was prescribed by my doctor/midwife].

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Medicines that are safe to take during pregnancy for common discomforts and pains

1. Headache

Take Tylenol and try to rest for fifteen minutes to an hour (as long as you can). Try to keep your worries aside for some time and take a sleep break.

2. Backache/Hip Pain or Abdominal Cramping:

If you are having a backache or hip pain, try to take a warm shower, lay down and rest for some time. Overtiredness can cause backache. Try relieving your pain with a heating pad. Wearing a belly band and having massage should certainly help. If not relieved, it is safe to take Tylenol.

Although you have abdominal cramping every now and then. However, if you feel that your pain is getting worse and it is still not time, yes you can take Tylenol and take some rest.

For a tailbone pain, I highly recommend using donut cushion during pregnancy. It works great for tailbone pain during pregnancy and after delivery as well.

3. Leg Cramping:

Overexertion, and too much walking or standing for long hours can cause leg cramping, especially during night time.

Take rest, stretch, drink water, take calcium and magnesium, or try a heating pad. You should feel better. You don’t need pain medication unless prescribed by the doctor. Learn how to do stretches to relieve cramping.

If you are feeling tired or ached, you have to lay down and rest because if you are not well-rested you have to take more medication which is certainly not advised.

Drink plenty of water. Dehydration is a culprit for all these pains. If you are constipated, drinking water should help.


 4. Toothache:

For a minor toothache, you have no choice other than Tylenol. If you don’t want to take Tylenol and the pain is unbearable you can still try some home remedies or oral gel available over the counter.

At times extreme pain does trigger early labor that’s why it is advised by doctors to get your dental issues fixed. Pregnancy hormones tend to trigger dental problems.

5. Tooth Infection

In order to treat tooth infection, you have to take antibiotics. Amoxicillin is considered safe to take during pregnancy.  It should be prescribed by your medical professional. Please if you are advised to take antibiotics, finish your dose as advised, infection tends to come back if not treated thoroughly.

6. Urinary Tract Infection

If you have been tested positive for UTI, you have to take antibiotics (amoxicillin). UTI keeps coming back if not cured properly. You have to take medicine and a lot of care to prevent from having it again.

Empty your bladder by leaning forward while urinating.

Clean thoroughly. I highly recommend having a handheld bidet installed or a get a portable one, which you eventually need after delivery.

Drinking cranberry juice may prevent you from having UTI, but when you have it already, it doesn’t help you much. It just prevents you from having it again despite having all that sugar.

Taking cranberry pills may help with UTI symptoms and pain.

For extreme nausea or vomiting – doctors do prescribe medicine like Vitamin B6 and Unisom. However, You can treat it by having fennel seeds, ginger ale, sour candies, etc.

7. Yeast infection

If you get a yeast infection – you will be prescribed Monistat for that condition.

Please do not eat/ avoid sugary items even If you have a mild yeast infection. Fruits, juices and other sugary stuff should be avoided unless it’s completely gone.

Do not use fragrant/ scented soaps or lotions in the vagina.

Wear cotton airy clothes.

8. Sciatica

If you have sciatica condition while pregnancy- do not take any medication unless prescribed, depending on your condition. Physiotherapy should help. Sciatica usually goes away after giving birth.

I had it during the last two weeks in my second pregnancy. It was painful and A LOT of discomforts but eventually, it disappeared once my daughter was born.

9. Rash 

If you get some kind of rash (happens in the vagina) Hydrocortisone cream is prescribed.

10. Swelling

If you have swelling in your feet, hands, elevate legs, use compression stocking and drink lots of water.

11. Insomnia

If you are suffering from the lack of sleep, taking Benadryl is considered safe during pregnancy.

12. Fatigue

Safe exercise during pregnancy should help in fighting fatigue. Try to establish good sleeping patterns and take naps.

13. Constipation

If constipation gets worse you can take a stool softener. Colace is advised along with increasing fiber and hydration in your diet.

14. Diarrhea

You might get a prescription for diarrhea medicine which are  Immodium, Kaopectate liquid, Maalox.  Instead of taking medicines you can try to decrease fiber in your diet until diarrhea resolves, Avoid trigger food and eat mild food like bananas, rice, toasts, applesauce, bone broth, and stay hydrated.

15. Gas

Gas can be really painful, Avoid gas triggering food, spicy food, fried food. Go for a walk or do stretching head down buttocks up. You can take Gas-X,  Simethicone, and Gaviscon.

16. Heartburn 

You should avoid laying down right after eating meals. Try to avoid fried and spicy food that cause heartburn or acidity for you.

For heartburn Tums, Zantac, Maalox, Mylanta, Axid, Pepcid, Mylacon, Tagamet are considered as safe as prescribed by your doctor.

17. Cold and Cough

If you get a cold or cough during pregnancy, ask your doctor about safe medications. However, Tylenol, Actified, Robitussin, Robitussin DM, Robitussin PE, Benadryl, are considered safe to take.

Other than these you can drink hot soups, bone broths, ginger tea. Rest as much as you can.

Word of Caution

Please let your doctor know about what vitamins or supplements you are taking or any medications you are taking before getting pregnant and even while being pregnant like prenatal, folic acid, biotin or any other supplements. Not every supplement is considered safe during pregnancy.

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Safe Medication during pregnancy

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