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Is your baby spitting up way too much? Sometimes it may seem like the baby has nothing left in her stomach after an enormous throw-up and that makes moms super worried. Spitting up is common in babies. Therefore, most babies keep throwing up for about 5 to 6 months and that is considered normal.

Spitting up may concern first-time parents, and feel that the baby is not being able to digest milk. Read on and find out the reasons why do babies spit up, and how you can help babies to keep food inside, instead of throwing up.

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Why do newborn babies spit-up

Breastfeeding babies do throw up sometimes, although breastmilk is known to be gentle and easy on digestion for newborn babies.

The most common reason for babies to spit-up what they ate is intolerance. It could be intolerance to formula, or in very rare cases, breastmilk. You need to rule out the reason, regardless.

1. Formula intolerance

It could be formula intolerance, and your baby is not digesting it well and this may take some time. However, if you are concerned due to frequent spit-ups after every feed and pretty big ones, then you might want to discuss it with your pediatrician, and consider changing the formula.

You may start formula for sensitive stomach, once your baby starts turns a few months old, you may switch to another formula, and see how it works.

2. Signs of allergies

For breastfeeding babies, you have to rule out any signs of intolerance or allergic reactions to something you are eating or feeding your baby and your baby is not being able to stomach that properly.

Although, this concept is not backed by science, however, some mothers, if not all, do believe sometimes spit-up is about intolerance to specific food transmitting through their milk.

For example; eggs, dairy, peanuts, pine nuts, and walnuts, etc.

Watch for any signs; like bumps on the body, rashes frequent spit up like fresh milk.

3. Lying down on her back right after feeding.

Right after a feed if you lay down your baby straight, this would result in a spit-up most likely, unless your baby is few months old, and she could move on her own.

Use a bouncer to have your baby slightly elevated or wear your baby.

What are the Remedies on how to avoid spit-up?

These simple and easy to follow steps may help your baby to not spit-up.

  1. Position head higher than the rest of the body when your baby is eating.

2. Step up your burping efforts. Learn how to burp properly or when baby has gas issues.

3. Feeding smaller amounts more frequently may reduce spitting significantly.

4. If you are bottle-feeding, feed half of it, burp and then feed another half.

5. Position upright for 20 to 30 minutes after every meal. Make sure the baby has burped during this time.

6. Overfeeding might lead to a huge spit up as well. In a few cases, babies tend to overeat or the oversupply of milk may cause a huge throw-up as moms cannot figure out how much baby is eating.

As per baby’s tendency about how often she is throwing up, you may want to consider pumping and then feeding.

Using Haaka is a great way you can manage milk supply and a waste of milk while the baby is working on the other side.

Using gas drops may help with burping or gas releasing trouble for babies.

What is the difference between Vomit and a spit-up

There are two things to keep in mind

Vomiting is different than spitting up.

A simple easy to understand the definition of spitting up: an easy flow of stomach content through the mouth that may or may not accompany a burp.

A typical definition of vomiting: the forceful flow of stomach contents through the mouth.

For most babies, spitting up is simply the result of not a fully developed muscle on top of the stomach to be a good gatekeeper. In simple words, allowing food and drink enter into the stomach and keep it there. This muscle is called the lower esophageal sphincter.

How should a spit-up look like

Well, one thing is for sure, curdled spit up means your baby’s stomach has started processing food and it will get better with time.

On the flip side, there is a possibility to experience a spit-up like fresh milk even after an hour of feeding.

Just a gentle reminder: By food, it means milk; that’s all your newborn could eat for this newborn stage.

Word of assurance

Besides how a huge spit up looks, just be sure, your baby has not lost everything in a spit-up, which she just ate.

Gerd – Gastroesophageal reflux disease

This disease is as equivalent as heartburn. Stomach contents make their way back up into the esophagus, sometimes causing discomfort. If that is the case, your baby needs the right evaluation and potential medical treatment. 

Vomiting

Your baby may vomit if she has a particularly sensitive gag reflex, or you have particularly forceful milk let down while breastfeeding

Also when she happens to overfeed.

If vomiting persists and makes you worried for some reason, do not hesitate to get it evaluated with your pediatrician.

Watch out for any signs on infection, fever, blood in the poop, diarrhea, or excessive fussiness and gassiness.

Watch out for any signs of dehydration or lethargy due to vomiting, such as below and call your pediatrician right away.

  • Less pee
  • Dry mouth
  • Doughy skin
  • Sunken eyes and Fontenelle
  • Weight loss

If an infant vomits most or all of feeding for 2 or more consecutive feedings in a row, this could be a sign of potentially more serious. Contact your doctor to get a timely medical evaluation.

Gagging and sputtering

Gagging is the baby’s natural way of preventing food to go in the wrong way. The gag reflex is good as it keeps the food go the right way. If your baby is having gagging, have her sit upright, pat her back and face down a little to keep all that saliva runs out of her mouth.

Rest assured babies tend to settle down on their own after these episodes of gagging reflux.

Remember, every baby is developing at her own pace and it might take a month or so to settle, do not beat yourself up for something that is considered normal as per your doctor’s advice.

Learn More

Effective ways to solve gas issues in babies.

Food that helps moms increase milk supply.

Breastmilk or formula – when is it okay to start a combination feed.

Why do babies throw up - how to avoid having frequent spit-ups.

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